There are many political paradoxes in this astonishing turn of events. The 12-point memorandum of understanding between the Nepalese parties and the Maoists is a unique document that highlights the unprecedented nature of what is happening in that country. Both parties have admitted to making mistakes in the past and have pledged not to repeat them in the future. On February 15, 2006, U.S. Ambassador to Nepal James F. Moriarty said in a joint broadcast by ganesh Man Singh Academy and the American Center in Kathmandu that the 12-point agreement between the Maoists and the seven political parties was in danger for the political parties themselves and for the future of the Nepalese people. „The political terror that has been practiced by the Maoists in the run-up to local elections with particular savageness sets a formidable precedent and could undermine the democratic legitimacy of their political partners,” said Ambassador Moriarty, in the absence of real progress between the two legitimate political forces, the king and the parties, the Maoist would continue to gain benefits. However, political parties have ignored the uncomfortable fact that their Maoist partners are willing to violence to achieve political goals. The U.S.
ambassador said the 12-point agreement did not indicate that the Maoists were truly committed to peace and democracy, and also said that recent interviews and articles by Maoist leaders made it clear that they would continue to use murder, blackmail and intimidation as a tactic of their choice. „The United States continues to call for reconciliation between the king and the parties,” Ambassador Moriarty said, adding that reconciliation between Nepal`s two legitimate forces could pave the way for true democracy and an effective way to combat the Maoist insurgency.  The 12-point agreement between the Alliance of Seven and the Maoists is an unprecedented and remarkable attempt to achieve lasting peace, the Kathmandu Post editorial wrote. Parliamentary forces and Maoists have shown political acuness to resolve the conflict. That is why we call on all pro-democracy forces, the international community and all nationalist Nepalis to welcome this agreement and to contribute, at their level, to successfully implement it in order to offer our younger generation a peaceful and prosperous future.  Tuesday, November 29, 2005, Girija Prasad Koirala, in a speech to party activists in Bharatpur, Chitwan, former Prime Minister and President of the Nepalese Congress, Girija Prasad Koirala, said that the goal of the 12-point agreement with the Maoists was to end the autocratic regime: dialogue with the Maoists is not yet over; We`re going to make it a success. In response to the government`s assertion that dialogue with the Maoists took place in a foreign country, he said that I am ready to go anywhere, even in hell if it helps to restore peace in Nepal.  In a statement, Rastriya Janashakti Party (RJP) President Surya Bahadur Thapa said: „The agreement has opened up several possibilities. Among them, peace and democracy are also the aspiration of the people and the nation. It should be considered positive, but it must be implemented in accordance with the Constitution. He also praised the Maoists` commitment to „peace and democracy.” However, he warned that the Maoists would live up to peace and democracy or that they would not need to be seen.
Human rights defenders have called on the Confederation of the Seven Parties and the Maoists to put 12-point understanding into practice and give the government no chance to disrupt it. In a speech as part of an inter-European agenda on civil society concerns about the agreement between the Alliance of Seven Parties and the Maoists of the Human Rights Alliance, human rights activist Krishna Pahadi, member of Civic Solidarity for Peace, Dr. Mathura Prasad Shrestha, Secretary General of the Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nations , Dr. Om Gurung, and member of the Women`s Safety Press Group, Sarada Pokhrel said that every person should support the parties.